In 1639 Roger Ludlow founded Fairfield by purchasing open land from the Native Americans. This area became the present day Fairfield, Westport, Greens Farms, Redding, Weston and Easton.

Roger Ludlow made treaties with the Pequonnocks, the Norwalke Indians and the Sasqua Indians between 1639 -1661. The agreement with the Norwalke Indians gave the colonists all of the land lying between the Norwalk and Saugatuck Rivers. In exchange for the land, the colonists gave the Native Americans wampum, coats, hatchets, knives, scissors, tobacco, kettles, looking glasses, and yards of cloth. The Indians were given fishing and hunting rights, but they could not set traps that might injure the cattle.

The town seal of Fairfield shows an early colonist shaking hands with a Native American. Westport was not incorporated until 1835, the first settlement being Greens Farms. The name Saugatuck comes from the Indian words, “sag” meaning out pouring or outlet, and “tuck” meaning river or tidal stream.

Roger Ludlow was a sturdy outspoken man who would become the first lawyer to practice in Connecticut.

Margaret Mazer for the Westport Historical Society. For information about Membership and our upcoming Holiday House Tour and Gala, Please visit Westporthistory.org. Mazer can be reached at 203 571 8704